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What to know about rats and food:|
Rats love food! They will eat just about anything!
- Rats are scavenger animals.
- Rats do not have a gag reflex and are unable to throw up.
For new foods they have never eaten before, to prevent themselves from becoming sick they tend to take a small bite and wait for several hours to make sure they don't get sick and then come back and finish the meal.
After a rat has eaten a certain type of food several times or if another rat in the pack sees another rat eating a new certain type of food they are more likely to eat it without testing it.
- Pet rats tend to stop testing their food after a while as they learn to trust their owners.
- As a general rule, if you will eat it your rat will eat it.
- Beware of leaving your food unattended as rats will steal it and eat the whole thing, which could cause them to get sick.
- Don't under-estimate your rats strength, they can steal whole pieces of pizza, tacos, hot dogs etc.
- Rats love eating dried or cooked pasta (especially with tomato sauce), frozen or cooked vegetables, Lettuce, Cheese, cooked Mashed Potato's & lots of other foods.
- Cereal is a good snack to give to your rats, especially healthy ones like Rice Krispies, Cheerios and Corn flakes.
- Rats also like seeds such as sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds & peanuts (non salted).(Feed seeds in moderation.)
As a general rule, seeds contain a lot of fat and to many of them in your rats diet could make them overweight.
Hamsters need more fat in their diets than rats do, so Hamster foods are not the best food mixes to feed your rats as they don't have the right amount of vitamins and health content a rat needs on it's own. Hamster foods are o.k. if mixed with other food mixes as long as the seed ratio is not to high.
- Black oil sunflower seeds (all black shells) contain less fat than the regular white & Black sunflower seeds.
- Rats will eat meat but they aren't particularly overly fond of it.
If the meat is covered in a type of sauce or flavoring sometimes they will just lick off the sauce and leave the meat uneaten.
I suggest feeding your rats only cooked meat -not raw.
Raw meat could cause bacteria build up by rotting in the cage if the rat/s don't eat it all, which could cause Salmonella poisoning.
- When looking for appropriate snacks for your Rats, look for packages that say they are for Small animals, Rats, Mice, Hamsters, Gerbils and occasionally guinea pigs, ferrets & rabbit snacks.
- Having some sort of Lab blocks (Harlan Teklab blocks) in your rats diet is important. A lot of food mixes come with lab blocks already mixed in, so adding more wouldn't be necessary.
A lot of rat owners feed their rats Lab blocks with no other rat food mixes mixed in, This is mainly done by breeders who don't want to buy a variety of foods.
Feeding just Lab blocks will sustain a rat but feeding them a varied diet is much better for them and rats love food, so having a variety to chose from tends to make them very happy:)
- My Rats listen for the sound of plastic packaging, and always come running when i eat cookies, chips or any foods that comes in bags.
- Some rat owners buy bulk foods and mix up their own rat food mixes.
Some rat owners mix their own foods if they are concerned about to much iron, fats or protein in the rats diet -also buying in bulk is usually cheaper.
- Some rat owners mix dry dog food in with their rat food mixes for added protein. (such as dog food for small dogs or puppy's -example Purina Little bites)
If you feed your rats table scraps or a good varied diet, mixing dog food in with their foods usually is not necessary.
- It has been rumored that rat owners on occasion have fed their rats monkey chow.
However Monkey chow is designed for monkeys, not rats and is not a sufficient enough diet for rats -even if a rat is just a monkey in disguise! :).
I don't recommend feeding rats monkey chow, it can be hard to find and rats tend not to care for it.
* I Fed my rats Monkey chow once, which looks like a large Lab block and it took them about two months to go through one piece, so needless to say they didn't seem to like it very much, as it is for Monkeys -not rats
- Some people put their rats on a feeding schedule -Feeding at a certain time everyday or Leaving food out only for a limited time and than removing it.
While others leave food out and available at all times.
- If a food dish is getting low on food but still has some food in it, you can sprinkle the top with a little bit of new fresh food and mix it up, this will encourage the rats to sift through and eat it, rather then just leaving the bits and pieces of food they aren't particularly fond of.
- Make sure to empty out the old food from your rats dish and clean it frequently, once in a while the water bottle may drip into the bowl and it appears as if the dish is full when it is actually all moldy and stuck in the dish.
- It is a good idea to keep your rat food in a plastic storage container, that way no bugs can get in or out.
Here are some food bowls & dishes that can be used.
This food dish has a little tray ledge on it, so the rats can rest on it while sorting through the dish. (won't work in aquariums)
These type of bowls are easily tipped over which tends to cause a messy cage, so they don't work well for everyday food, but they do work well for snacks.
The Chocolate Debate
- Some people say rats should never be given chocolate, others say chocolate in moderation is perfectly alright.
- Chocolate should be fed in moderation! (Not everyday)
- Feeding your rats dark chocolate while they are having breathing difficulties can help their difficulties improve. (Make sure the piece is small enough so they don't have to open their mouths wide or have a hard time gnawing into it, as that may distress them more if they are having breathing difficulties.)
- Chocolate contains Theophylline which is known to help breathing troubles decrease in patients with Asthma.
- Small chunks of chocolate or chocolate baking chips work well for snacks.
- Be careful that the chocolate is not overly sticky or melted if you are giving it to them to help breathing trouble, as that could cause more breathing problems and/or choking.
- I have never heard of a case of a rat becoming ill from eating chocolate.
Some rats will eat meal worms, crickets, spiders, ants or other bugs on occasion.
Sometimes rats will throw bugs out of the cage if they don't like them crawling about.
If a fly or moth flies around the rats, sometimes they will swat at it and try to catch it.
Some bugs can be poisonous so be aware of what bugs you have in your house.
Bugs such as meal worms are high in protein and can help to add nutrients to a rats diet.
Most rat owners do not feed their rats bugs.
Water dish Vs. water bottle:
Should you use a water bottle or a water dish?
- For most rats that live in cages, water dishes aren't practical as they will run over them tipping them over, getting the cage and their food all wet.
Water bottles work best in cages.
- Water dishes can be placed on the floor for the rats to play in during free range time.
*I have found my rats really enjoy playing and dunking their heads and bodies into water dishes to wash their faces and to help cool down. I place water dishes around their free range play areas and water bottles in their cages.
- Some people change their water bottles everyday while others use the same one and just refill it, it is really up to you what you want to do.
- Some people use tap water, some use bottled water, some use filtered water, some have water filtered through a water softener, some even boil all water to get out the bacteria before giving it to their rats.
It is really up to you what water you would like to give to your pets.
- Don't forget to clean your water bottle out frequently, to clean out grime and hard water build up.
- For easy water bottle cleaning you can buy a bottle brush cleaner -Available in baby departments or some pet stores have started carrying them now.
- Hard water build up can be easily removed if you let the dishes soak in vinegar for several minutes and scrub the dishes with a dish scrubber.
Here are a few water bottle hanging tips:
- Most water bottles come with an odd shaped hook.
- To hang water bottles on wire cages, Wrap the hook around the water bottle, tightening it to just the right size to hold the bottle, then prop the hooks onto the cage so that the water bottle is hanging slightly slanted so it will not fall through the hooks. If you hang the bottle completely upright the bottle will fall through the hooks.
- To hang water bottles on aquariums, Bend the wire to an upright position so you hook one end on top of the aquarium and the other end through a hook in the bottle.
If your water bottle has no hole to hang it from you can wrap string, shoelaces or yarn around the bottle and then hook the hook through it to hang it.
- Have a water bottle but no hook or are unsure how to hang it?
You can wrap the top of the bottle with duct tape and tape a small duct tape hook on to the top and hang it with a wire, or twist tie. You can also tape on shoelaces or some sort of cord to hang the water bottle with.
Are your rats constantly chewing through their water bottles and causing them to leak all over?
Here are a few ideas to try:
- Wrap the water bottle in duct tape, you can even create a duct tape handle for easy hanging. (you can use electrical tape, but duct tape is very sticky and tends to detour rats from chewing more efficiently.)
- If your rats chew through their water bottle, save the bottom screw on drinking piece and get a 20 oz. soda/water bottle and screw that into it for a brand new water bottle. (You might want to tape it up if your rats chewed through their other bottles.)
- Glass water bottles are not a very good idea, they can get broken by the rats banging them around or you can break them when trying to fill or clean them.
Glass also gets easily dirty and corroded from hard water if you use unfiltered tap water.
- You can also purchase water bottle holders at most pet stores, they have some that fully encase the bottle in a metal covering making it very difficult to chew through. However, these can be dangerous if your animals climb them and get a hand or foot caught in the metal slots.
- It is best to use hard plastic water bottles, the regular thin plastic common water bottles are easily climbed on and chewed. (The hard plastic bottles do cost a little bit more about $5 to $6 while the thin plastic ones cost $2-$3 but if your rats start chewing them, in the long run it is best to get one that will last and not be destroyed, so you don't have to be rushing out everyday to buy a new water bottle.)
The hard plastic water bottles that rats can not chew through sometimes are located in the "Bird" section of the pet store rather than the "Rodent" section.
In the picture: On the left is a heavy duty unchewable water bottle and on the right a easily chewed water bottle.
Foods to beware of or NOT to feed your rats:
- Licorice, raw sweet potato's, Bleu cheese, raw red cabbage, raw Brussle sprouts, raw artichokes, green bananas, green potato skins & Rhubarb should not be fed to rats.
- Peanut butter straight from the jar can be dangerous, your rats mouth and throat can get all sticky and closed up and cause difficulty in breathing.
- Orange juice in large amounts can cause health problems. (Specifically kidney failure in Males only.)
Males would have to be given over a glass of orange juice everyday of their lives to be effected. However, it is still a good idea to avoid giving it to your rats frequently.
- Carbonated drinks can cause problems, as rats can not burp or pass gas. A little drink every now and then is alright but do not let them drink a lot, as it could cause an upset stomach and/or bloating.
- Try not to feed your rats treats with a lot of sugar to frequently as it can cause diabetes or other health problems.
Here are a few foods & snacks for rats:
- Reggie rat
- Harry Hamster dry food -Not recommended as a main diet, but is O.K. to mix with other food mixes or to be fed to rats on occasion.
- Sunthings Maurice's secret hutch Klub Rat & Mouse food
- 8 and 1 food
- Parrot food (without red peppers, if the food contains red peppers you should pick them out, rats don't like them and they can sting their eyes or nose if they get it on them.)
- Kaytee brand yogurt chips
- Kaytee brand Krunch a-rounds
- Vitakraft Happy Dinos
- Vitakraft Yogurt drops (3 different flavors)
- Vitakraft Raviolios
- Vitakraft Rondis treats
- Kaytee berries (red & blue berries, looks like cereal.)
- Hartz Yogurt covered soy nuts
- Toasties, small animal snack crackers
- Nutri nibbles odor care treats, crunchy & creamy apple flavor.
- Small animal crackers & Yogurt covered bananas that pet stores sell in the scoop yourself bins also make good cheap snacks for rats.
- Hamsteroids -are good hard treat to help keep the rats teeth healthy.
- Loftys -small green crunchy treat.
* I feed my rats a mixture of foods i mainly purchase at Walmart, as currently i have over 40 animals and pet store food is very expensive.
I buy 8 and 1 Hamster mix, Kaytee wild bird food, Parrot food and lab blocks and mix them up together. Sometimes i buy other brands of foods as well to mix in. This provides the animals with a wide variety of foods to choose from. I mix up about 18 pounds of food at once.
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